The history of the video games goes as far back as early 1950s. This is when the academics started designing simple games, artificial intelligence programs, and simulations as part of their research in computer science. Video gaming wouldn’t reach the mainstream popularity until 1970s and 1980s. This is when gaming consoles, home computer games as well as arcade video games were introduced to the public. Since then, video games became a popular form of today’s entertainment and plays a huge role in modern culture especially in various parts of the world.
The video game’s origin also lies in early missile defense systems that are cathode-ray based in late 1940s. Such programs were adapted into simple games in 1950s. In late 1950s as well as through 1960s, more computer games were made and majority of them are mainframe computers, which became sophisticated and complex. Following this particular period, more video games were created and diverged into several platforms including console, mainframe, arcade, personal computers and handheld games. As of this year 2014, there is a total of 8 generations of video game consoles.
The very first commercially video game is known as Computer Space in year 1971 that laid the foundation for the new entertainment industry in 1970s within countries including United States, Europe, and Japan. In year 1977, the first major crash occurred when the companies were actually forced to sell their obsolete systems, which flood the market. After six years, the greater and second crash occurred. This is due to the flood of poorly developed quality video games that were introduced to the market, which also result to a collapse of the industry of console gaming in the US that also shift dominance of market from US to Japan.
While the second crash killed the market of console gaming, the PC gaming market was not affected. Generations of the console video games continue to dominate and these are all creations of Japanese corporations. Even if some attempts would be made by some European and North American companies, the fourth generation of consoles like Famicom would ultimately fail. This is not the situation until the 6th generation of the video game consoles release the commercially console system.
The market of handheld gaming has followed the same path with different unsuccessful attempts that are made by some American companies, which all failed. Currently, only the Japanese companies have major successful gaming consoles. Though during these days, handheld games have come to some devices like PDAs and cellphones as the technology continues to be more advanced.
Some of the video game consoles known are Famicom, Xbox, Nintendo, and Playstation. The fifth generation is said to be the most noted because of the rise of 3D games. While there are also games that used 3D environments like Star Fox and Virtual Racing, this is also the era that most game designers started to move from 2D to full 3D. Mobile gaming also became popular and today, many developers are aiming for cloud computing.